White grape vine, widespread mainly in the Marche, where it is probably native. But it can also be found in other areas of central Italy such as in Lazio and Umbria. Or further north around Lake Garda, in the provinces of Verona and Brescia. Thanks to in-depth analysis, it is currently identified with the Trebbiano di Soave and the Trebbiano di Lugana. It appears in numerous Denominations of origin mixed with other vines (Castelli Romani, Colli Lanugini, Colli Maceratesi, Colli Martani, Colli Pesaresi, Controguerra, Esino, Montecompatri Colonna, Verdicchio dei Cestelli of Jesi, Verdicchio di Matelica, Velletri, Zagarolo).
Mainly Verdicchio is tied to two places of origin: Jesi and Matelica.
Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi
White Wine with Controlled Denomination of Origin (Doc) that is produced in the provinces of Ancona and Macerata and is made from Verdicchio grapes, possibly supplemented with grapes from other vineyards authorized or recommended for the province of production (max 15%). Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi wine has a minimum alcohol content of 11.5 ° and can also be produced in the types (subject to minimum aging of 18 months, of which at least 6 in the bottle, with a minimum alcohol content of 12.5°), Spumante (with a minimum alcohol content of 11.5°) and Spumante Riserva (after a minimum of 9 months on the lees). Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi wine produced in the traditional vinification area has the right to the Classic qualification (minimum alcohol content 11.5%) and can be produced in the Superior types (alcohol content 12°) and Riserva (subject to minimum aging of 18 months , of which at least 6 in the bottle, minimum alcohol content 12.5°). For the Controlled and Guaranteed Denomination of Origin Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva (white) in the reserve and classic reserve typologies, produced in the municipalities close to that of Jesi in the provinces of Ancona and Macerata.
Verdicchio di Matelica
White wine with controlled denomination of origin (Doc) produced in the provinces of Ancona and Macerata. Verdicchio di Materica wine is reserved for Verdicchio grapes, in purity or mixed with other grapes recommended or authorized for the provinces of Ancona and Macerata (max.15%) and has a minimum alcohol content of 11.5°. It is also produced in the Passito types (immense for consumption after the first December of the year following the harvest, minimum alcohol content 15°, of which at least 14° carried out), Riserva (subject to aging of at least 24 months, of which at least 4 months of aging in bottle, minimum alcohol content of 12.5°) and sparkling wine. For the Docg Verdicchio di Matelica (white) in the reserve type, produced in the municipalities close to Matelica in the provinces of Ancona and Macerata
Differences between Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi and Verdicchio di Matelica
Even if the vine is the same, Verdicchio, the characteristics between the wines produced at Jesi and those produced at Matelica are substantial. The main factor that triggers these differences is one: the microclimate. The former are the result of vineyards located in valleys that lead to the Adriatic, for which they reveal a more sunny and Mediterranean tone. The latter are the port of vineyards surrounded by the Apennines: the thermal excursions in the age of ripening and a cooler climate give that mountain accent that then in the wine translates with more pronounced acidity and more contained alcohol.
Both, Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi and Verdicchio di Matelica, are two great Italian wines. But the great success of the first has overshadowed the second.
Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi, in fact, is a white wine that has had the ability to resuscitate in the 90s. Forty years ago it was famous all over the world, even if part of the merit was due to the original bottle used by the leading company Fazi Battaglia, that created a competition in 1954, won by the Milanese architect Antonio Maiocchi, who it was inspired by the ancient Etruscan terracotta amphorae. But later, produced on a large scale with the mirage of large numbers, its quality level had progressively debased to compromise the same image. The comeback has restarted since the 80s and it has not been easy. The first step, by the best producers, was to eliminate the secondary grapes allowed by the disciplinary Doc, vinifying Verdicchio grapes in purity, but keeping the vine in check, which is part of the Trebbiano family and as such has the tendency to produce too much grapes. By adopting more modern methods of winemaking it was thus possible to bottle a fresher and more fragrant wine. To test its potential, many roads have been tested: late harvesting, cryomaceration of the grapes, vinification in cask, maturation on fermentation tanks, refining in barrique. And so the Verdicchio today is diversified, and goes from the fresh one with greenish nuances to the full one with golden hues. But it always has the fragrance of ripe peach, quince and citrus jam. And it is often able to keep it intact, that fragrance, even for a decade.